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Lecture: Plants Of The Palomar College Arboretum
W. P. Armstrong & Tony Rangel, April 2011
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Brief Summary Of The Palomar College Arboretum

By 1970, campus horticulturist Bob Kelly had already begun planting trees in an undeveloped area east of campus (near the Perimeter Road). ASG President Brian Hawthorne became interested in this area as the site of a future arboretum. He was impressed with the arboretum of a local university while stationed with the U.S. Coast Guard in New London, Connecticut, and thought this would be a great addition to Palomar College. The Palomar College Arboretum was officially established in 1973, largely through the efforts of Bob Kelly and Brian Hawthorne. The original Arboretum Committee also contained Ben Gill, Tom Stout, Dr. John Schettler, Gene Jackson and myself. Members of the Committee received a Presidential Ecology Award signed by Gerald R. Ford. The Arboretum was approved by the Board of Governors and land was set aside east of the campus. During the past three decades, many plants have been acquired, including original donations from the Huntington Botanical Garden, Los Angeles County Arboretum, San Diego Zoo and San Diego Wild Animal Park. Please refer to Edna Pulver's "History of the Palomar College Arboretum" at the end of this summary.

Plants from all major continents are represented in the Arboretum. Our relatively mild climate and generally frost-free location on a gradual hillside enable many subtropical and tropical species to survive here. The largest families include the legume (Fabaceae), myrtle (Myrtaceae), palm (Arecaceae) and grass (Poaceae) families. The largest genera are Eucalyptus (13), Ficus (12), Pinus (11), Agave (11), Acacia (11), Quercus (9), Phoenix (7), Casuarina (6), Melaleuca (6), Livistona (5), Sabal (5), Phyllostachys (5), Cassia (5) and Erythrina (5). Native countries most frequently represented are Australia, South Africa, China (E. Asia), Japan, Mexico and South America.

If you consider all the species in the Arboretum (over 600), main campus (at least 1000), Palomar Cactus & Succulent Garden (at least 3,000), and native coastal sage scrub north and east of campus (approximately 400), the total number of different species is nearly 5,000. This is one of the greatest concentrations of plant diversity within a relatively small area in San Diego County, rivaled only by Balboa Park, the Wild Animal Park and Quail Botanical Garden.

The majority of native species in the coastal sage scrub plant community adjacent to the Arboretum are herbaceous wildflowers that appear in profusion following a disturbance, such as clearing or fire. It is imperative in this time of rapid urbanization in the San Marcos area that natural areas of coastal sage scrub are preserved. In addition to valuable study sites for classes in biology, botany and archaeology, this area also provides the ecological niches for a variety of birds, mammals, reptiles and invertebrates.

Related Links On Wayne's Word
  1.   Coastal Sage Scrub Wildlife (PDF)
  2.   Native & Naturalized Plant List
  3.   History of the Arboretum by Edna Pulver
  4.   Acacia: Large Genus Of Trees & Shrubs
  5.   Araucaria Family: Very Unusual Conifers
  6.   Bamboo: Remarkable Giant Grasses
  7.   Bignonia Family: Beautiful Blossoms
  8.   Coral Trees: Pollination & Dispersal
  9.   Cupresus: The True Native Cypresses
10.   Economically Important Plant Families
11.   Diversity Of Flowering Plants (Angiosperms) 
12.   Euphorbia (1): Large & Diverse Family
13.   Euphorbia (2): Tung OiL & Kukui Nuts
14.   Fig Trees (1): Stranglers & Banyans
15.   Fig Trees (2): Fig & Fig Wasp Links
16.   Legumes: Third Largest Plant Family
17.   Mulberry Family: Interesting Multiple Fruits 
18.   Pokeweed Family: Phytolaccaceae
19.   Sages Of The Genus Salvia (Lamiaceae)
20.   Sumac Family: Interesting Trees & Shrubs
21.   Sunflowers: The Largest Plant Family
22.   Wigandia: Shrub In A Wildflower Family


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A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Blue & red abbreviations indicate location of plants on following map:
Tentative Map Of 11 Gardens Within Arboretum
1.  A/Y  Agaves & Yuccas
2.  AG  Australian Garden
3.  ART  Art in the Garden
4.  BAM  Bamboo Garden
5.  CSS  Coastal Sage Scrub
6.  H/S  Hardwoods &Softwoods
 
  7.  NA  Native American
  8.  PAL  Palm Garden
  9.  PG  Primitive Garden
10.  RIP  Riparian Garden
11.  SG  Stroot Garden
Red M-number: Refers to Plant List Used for Botany 100
Underlined Species: On Sample Page Of GPS Coordinates

    A
    Back To The Alphabetical Index Table

    ACERACEAE: MAPLE FAMILY

  1. Acer negundo Box Elder (California incl. Palomar Mountain (Doane Creek)
  2. A. paxii Evergreen Maple (S.W. China) M-88
  3. A. rubrum Red Maple (Deciduous Forest E. U.S.)

    AGAVACEAE: AGAVE FAMILY

    Some taxonomists have split the Agavaceae into several additional families, including the Dracaenaceae (Cordyline, Dracaena & Sansevieria), the Nolinaceae (Beaucarnea, Calibanus, Dasylirion & Nolina), and the Xanthorrhoeaceae (Xanthorrhoea).

      
    According to Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach by Judd, et al. (2008), members of the Nolinaceae and Dracaenaceae are now included within the Ruscaceae. The latter family also includes Aspidistra (cast iron plant), Liriope (border grass) and Ophiopogon (mondo grass). Familiar genera such as Hyacinthus (hyacinth), Aspholelus (asphodel), Asparagus (asparagus), Allium (onion) and Iris (iris) belong to their own separate families, the Hyacinthaceae, Asphodelaceae, Asparagaceae, Alliaceae and Iridaceae. The latter family (Iridaceae) also includes the commonly cultivated Watsonia, Moraea (butterfly lily), Freesia (freesia), Sisyrinchium (blue-eyed grass), Crocus and Gladiolus. Amaryllis (naked lady) still belongs to the Amaryllidaceae and also includes many genera that were once placed in the Liliaceae, including Crinum, Hippeastrum (amaryllis), Hymenocallis (spider lily), Haemanthus (blood lily), and Narcissus (daffodil). Agapanthus (lily of-the-Nile), Hemerocallis (day lily) and Colchicum (autumn crocus) belong to their own families, the Agapanthaceae, Hemerocallidaceae and Colchicaceae. Lilium (lily), Tulipa (tulip), Calochortus (Mariposa lily) and Fritillaria (chocolate lily) are still included in the lily family (Liliaceae). Chlorogalum (soap lily) is now placed in the agave family (Agavaceae) with Agave, Yucca, Hesperocallis (desert lily) and Camassia (camas). Death camas and star lilies (Zigadenus) are now placed in the Melanthiaceae along with Veratrum (corn lily), Trillium (trillium) and Xerophyllum (bear grass) . The cormous genera Brodiaea (Brodiaea), Dichelostemma (blue dick), Bloomeria (golden stars) and Triteleia are now in the family Themidaceae. The genus Aloe, formerly of the Liliaceae, is now placed in the family Asphodelaceae, along with Kniphofia (red hot poker) and Haworthia. These drastic changes in plant classification described by Judd, et al. 2008 are based on chloroplast DNA (in part) and will be adopted by the new revised Jepson Flora of California.

    From a purely morphological point of view, one of the most astonishing changes is the placement of members of the Nolinaceae and Dracaenaceae into the Ruscaceae. The type genus Ruscus includes a low-growing Eurasian shrub called butcher's broom (R. aculeata) that bears no resemblance to Nolina, Dracaena & Beaucarnea.

    See Flattened Leaf-like Branches (Cladodes) Of Ruscus



  4. Agave americana Century Plant (W. Mexico) A/Y
  5. A. attenuata Agave (Mexico) A/Y
  6. A. bracteosa (N.E. Mexico)
  7. A. desmettiana & cultivar 'variegata' (E. Mexico)
  8. A. fernandi-regis N.E. Mexico
  9. A. geminiflora (Nayarit, Mexico)
  10. A. 'sharkskin' (hybrid cultivar of A. fernandi-regis)
  11. A. schidigera (Mexico)
  12. A. victoria-reginae (Nuevo Léon & Coahuila. Mexico)
  13. A. vilmoriniana (N.W. Mexico)
  14. A. weberi (Mexico)
  15. Beaucarnea: See Nolinaceae
  16. Calibanus: See Nolinaceae
  17. Cordyline: See Dracaenaceae
  18. Furcraea foetida? (F. gigantea) Mauritius Hemp (Northern South America)
  19. F. selloa False Agave (Central America)
  20. Yucca whipplei Chaparral Yucca CSS
  21. Xanthorrhoea: See Xanthorrhoeaceae

    AMARANTHACEAE: AMARANTH FAMILY

  22. Amaranthus albus Amaranth Tumbleweed
  23. Amaranthus retroflexus Rough Pigweed

    AMARYLLIDACEAE: AMARYLLIS FAMILY [Liliaceae]

  24. Brodiaea orcuttii Orcut Brodiaea I once found this rare species on campus, evidence that clay depressions (vernal pols) were nearby!
  25. Dichelostemma capitatum ssp. capitatum Wild Hyacinth Dichelostemma Now placed in the Themidaceae CSS
    Brodiaeas In Central & Southern California   Brodiaeas Now In The Family Themidaceae
    DNA Cladogram Themidaceae    DNA Cladogram Brodiaea1    DNA Cladogram Brodiaea2

    ANACARDIACEAE: SUMAC FAMILY

  26. Harpephyllum caffrum Kaffir Plum (S. Africa) M-119
  27. Malosma laurina Laurel Sumac M-38 CSS
  28. Rhus integrifolia Lemonade Berry CSS
  29. R. lancea (South Africa) M-39
  30. Schinus molle Peruvian Pepper Tree (Andes of Peru)
  31. S. polygamus Pepper Tree (W. South America) Top of Hill
  32. S. terebinthifolius Brazilian Pepper Tree (Brazil)

    APIACEAE: CARROT FAMILY

  33. Conium maculatum Poison Hemlock

    APOCYNACEAE: DOGBANE FAMILY

  34. Rauvolfia (Rauwolfia) caffra Rauvolfia (S. Africa) M-212 H/S
  35. Thevetia peruviana Yellow Oleander (Trop. America) M-189
  36. Vinca major Periwinkle

    ARACEAE: ARUM FAMILY (Now includes the Lemnaceae)

  37. Acorus gramineus Grassy-Leaved Sweet Flag (China, S.E. Asia)
  38. Philodendron selloum Philodendron (S. Brazil)
  39. P. selloum cv. 'xanadu' (Cv. originated in Australia) No aerial roots as in P. selloum
  40. Zantedeschia sp. (Z. aethiopica?) Calla Lily (Africa)

           
    DNA Sequencing & Phylogenetic Changes
      The World's Smallest Flowering Plant  
      Cladograms Of The Duckweed Family  
    DNA From Chloroplasts & Ribosomes
    Flow Chart For California Duckweeds
    *Monophyletic Taxonomic Groupings*

    ARALIACEAE: ARALIA FAMILY

  41. Cussonia spicata Spiked Cabbage Tree (S. Africa) M-157
  42. Dizygotheca elegantissima False Aralia (New Caledonia & Polynesia)
  43. Fatsia japonia Japanese Aralia (Japan)
  44. Meryta sinclairii Puka (New Zealand)
  45. Schefflera (Brassaia) actinophylla Queensland Umbrella Tree (Australia) M-127
  46. Tupidanthus calyptratus Tupidanthus (W. China & Thailand) M-136 H/S

    ARAUCARIACEAE: ARAUCARIA FAMILY See Primitive Gardens: PG On Map

  47. Agathis robusta Dammar Pine (Australia) M-133 H/S
  48. Araucaria angustifolia Brazilian Pine (S. Brazil) M-76 PG
  49. A. araucana Monkey Puzzle Tree (Central Chile)
  50. A. bidwillii Bunya-Bunya (Australia) M-78 PG
  51. A. cunninghamii Hoop Pine (Australia) M-42 PG
  52. A. heterophylla (A. excelsa) Norfolk Island Pine (Norfolk Is.) M-80 SG
  53. A. columnaris Cook Pine (New Caledonia) May be hybrid with A. heterophylla M-84 PG
    Note: A. excelsa may apply (incorrectly) to both A. columnaris & A. heterophylla.

    ARECACEAE: PALM FAMILY See Palm Garden: PAL On Map

  54. Acoelorrhaphe wrightii Everglades Palm (Florida) M-15 PAL
  55. Archontophoenix alexandrae Alexandra Palm (N. Queensland)
  56. A. cunninghamiana King Palm (Australia) M-22
  57. Beccariophoenix alfredii High Plateau Coconut Palm (Madagascar) Near queen palm
  58. Bismarckia nobilis Bismark Palm (Madagascar) [Incl. silver form.]
  59. Brahea armata Mexican Blue Palm (Baja California) M-6
  60. B. brandegeei San Jose Hesper Palm (Baja California)
  61. B. edulis Guadalupe Palm (Guadalupe Island) M-10 PAL
  62. B. elegans (Mexico)
  63. B. nitida (Mexico) M-13
  64. Butia capitata Jelly Palm (S. America) M-3
  65. Caryota gigas Giant Fishtail Palm (Thailand)
  66. C. urens Fishtail Palm (S.E. Asia) M-7 PAL
  67. Chamaerops humilis Mediterranean Fan Palm (Mediterranean) PAL
  68. C. humilis var. cerifera Blue Mediterranean Fan Palm (Mediterranean)
  69. Copernicia alba Carnaday Wax Palm (S. America)
  70. Dypsis decipiens Manambe Palm (Madagascar)
  71. D. lastelliana Teddy Bear Palm (Madagascar) PAL
  72. Jubaea chilensis Chilean Wine Palm (Chile)   See Chilean Wine Palm
  73. Livistona australis Cabbage Palm (E. Australia)
  74. L. chinensis Fountain Palm (S. Japan) M-8 PAL
  75. L. decipiens (Australia)
  76. L. drudei (Australia)
  77. L. mariae (australia)
  78. L. saribus (syn. L. hoogendorpii) Taraw Palm (S.E. Asia) PAL
  79. Neodypsis decaryi (Dypsis decaryi) Triangle Palm (Madagascar) M-9 PAL
  80. Parajubaea torallyi Bolivian Mtn. Coconut (Bolivia, Ecuador) Grows at 3400 m in Andes!
  81. Phoenix canariensis Canary Island Date Palm (Canary Islands) PAL
  82. P. hanceana (P. loureirii) India & China: Similar in appearance to P. roebelenii
  83. P. reclinata Senegal Date Palm (Tropical Africa)
  84. P. roebelenii Pigmy Date Palm (S.E. Asia) M-21 PAL
  85. P. rupicola (India)
  86. P. theophrasti Cretan Date Palm (Greece & Turkey) Resembles P. dactylifera PAL
  87. P. zeylanica Ceylon Date Palm (Sri Lanka)
  88. Raphia australis (South Africa)
  89. Ravenea rivularis Magesty Palm (Madagascar)
  90. Rhapis excelsa Lady Palm (China)
  91. Rhopalostylis sapida Shaving Brush Palm (Norfolk Islands & New Zealand)
  92. Sabal causiarum Puerto Rican Hat Palm (Puerto Rico) M-2 PAL
  93. S. etonia Scrub Palmetto (Florida)
  94. S. minor Dwarf Palmetto
  95. S. palmetto Cabbage Palm (Florida)?
  96. S. uresana Sonoran Palmetto (Mexico) Near Cassia leptophylla
  97. S. yapa? Sabal (W. Cuba, Yucatan, Belize)
  98. Serenoa repens Saw Palmetto (Florida) PAL
  99. Syagrus picrophylla (South America; Brazil)
  100. S. (Arecastrum) romanzoffiana Queen Palm (S. Brazil to Argentina) M-5 PAL
  101. S. schizophylla Arikury Palm (Brazil)
  102. Trachycarpus fortunei Windmill Palm (Burma & China)
  103. Trithrinax acanthocoma (Brazil) M-4 PAL
  104. Washingtonia robusta Mexican Fan Palm
  105. Wodyetia bifurcata Foxtail Palm (N.E. Australia)

    ASCLEPIADACEAE: MILKWEED FAMILY

  106. Asclepias fruticosa Milkweed (South Africa)

    ASPLENIACEAE: SPLEENWORT FAMILY

  107. Asplenium bulbiferum Mother Fern (New Zealand) PG

    ASTERACEAE: SUNFLOWER FAMILY

  108. Acourtia microcephala (Perezia microcephala) Purple Heads
  109. Artemisia californica Coastal sagebrush
  110. Baccharis glutinosa (B. viminea) Mule Fat
  111. B. pilularis (ssp. consanguinea) Coyote Brush
  112. B. sarothroides? Broom Baccharis (May occur in nearby hills).
  113. Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp. monilifera Boneseed or Tick Bush (Africa)
  114. Cynara cardunculus Cardoon or Artichoke Thistle (Mediterranean)
  115. Encelia californica California Bush Sunflower
  116. Encelia californica X E. farinosa Hybrid Encelia
  117. Encelia farinosa Desert Encelia (introduced in San Marcos)
  118. Eriophyllum confertiflorum Golden Yarrow
  119. Hazardia squarrosa ssp. grindeloides Sawtooth Goldenbush
  120. Montanoa bipinnatifida Daisy Tree (Mexico) M-150
  121. Senecio petasitis Velvet Groundsel (Mexico)

    B
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    BERBERIDACEAE: BARBERRY FAMILY

  122. Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium) Hollyleaf Barberry (Oregon Grape) NA
  123. B. darwinii Darwin's Barberry (S. Chile & SW Argentina) PG
  124. B. nevinii Nevin's Barberry (California) PG
  125. B. thunbergii Japanese Barberry (Japan) PG

    BETULACEAE: BIRCH FAMILY

  126. Alnus rhombifolia White Alder

    BIGNONIACEAE: BIGNONIA FAMILY

  127. Chitalpa tashkentensis Pink Dawn (Chilopsis linearis x Catalpa bignonioides) M-213
  128. Jacaranda mimosifolia Jacaranda (Nw. Argentina)
  129. Tabebuia chrysotricha Golden Trumpet Tree (Colombia & Brazil)
  130. T. impetiginosa (T. avellanedae & T. ipe) Pink Trumpet Tree (S. America) M-97, M-161 H/S

    BIXACEAE: ANNATTO FAMILY

  131. Bixa orellana Achiote or Annatto (Tropical America)

    BLECHNACEAE: DEER-FERN FAMILY

  132. Blechnum gibbum 'Silver Lady' (New Caledonia) PG
  133. B. occidentale Hammock Fern (Tropical America) PG
  134. B. spicant Deer Fern (California) PG
  135. Woodwardia fimbriata Giant Chain Fern (California) PG

    BOMBACACEAE: BOMBAX FAMILY (Now placed in the Malvaceae)

  136. Ceiba acuminata Silk Cotton Tree (South America) Related to kapok (C. pentandra).
  137. Chiranthodendron pentadactylon Monkey Hand Tree (Mexico & Guatemala)
  138. Chorisia insignis White Floss Silk Tree (Peru) M-160
  139. C. speciosa Floss Silk Tree (Brazil) M-205
  140. Pseudobombax ellipticum Saving Brush Tree (Mexico & Guatemala) M-120

    BORAGINACEAE: BORAGE FAMILY

  141. Amsinckia menziesii var. intermedia Yellow Fiddleneck
  142. Cordia (Ehretia) anacua [syn. E. elliptica] Anaqua (S.E. Texas & Mexico) M-105
  143. Echium fastuosum Pride of Madeira (Canary Is.)

    BRASSICACEAE: MUSTARD FAMILY

  144. Hirschfeldia incana (Brassica geniculata) Perennial Mustard
  145. Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd's Purse

    BROMELIACEAE: BROMELIA FAMILY

  146. Ananas comosus Pineapple (Trop. America)
  147. Billbergia nutans Frienship Plant (Brazil)

    C
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    CACTACEAE: CACTUS FAMILY  [Palomar Cactus & Succulent Garden On Another List]

  148. Hylocereus undatus Dragon Fruit (C. & S. America)
  149. Opuntia ficus-indica Indian Fig
  150. Opuntia littoralis var. littoralis Coast Prickly-Pear

    CANNACEAE: CANNA FAMILY

  151. Canna indica Indian Shot (Caribbean & Trop. Amer.) See: Indian Shot

    CAPRIFOLIACEAE: HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY

  152. Lonicera subspicata Wild Honeysuckle
  153. Sambucus mexicana Elderberry

    CASUARINACEAE: CASUARINA FAMILY

  154. Casuarina cristata Beefwood (Australia) M-30, M-36, M-79 SG
  155. C. cunninghamiana Beefwood (Australia) M-40 SG
  156. C. equisetifolia Horsetail Tree (Australia) M-69
  157. C. glauca Beefwood (Australia) M-43 H/S
  158. C. species? Beefwood (Australia) M-44
  159. C. stricta Beefwood (Australia) M-207 H/S
  160. C. torulosa Australian Pine (Australia) M-75 SG

    CELASTRACEAE: STAFF-TREE FAMILY

  161. Catha edulis Khat or Bushman's Tea (South Africa)

    CHENOPODIACEAE: GOOSEFOOT FAMILY

  162. Atriplex canescens ssp. canescens Four-Wing Saltbush (Calif. deserts)

    CISTACEAE: ROCKROSE FAMILY

  163. Cistus x hybridus Roack Rose (Medit.)
  164. C. x purpureus Rock Rose (Medit.)
  165. Helianthemum scoparium var. aldersonii Rockrose

    CONVOLVULACEAE: MORNING-GLORY FAMILY

  166. Calystegia macrostegia ssp. arida Chaparral Morning Glory

    CRASSULACEAE: STONECROP FAMILY

  167. Crassula argentea Jade Plant (S. Africa)
  168. C. erecta Pygmy Weed
  169. Cotyledon orbiculata (S. Africa)

    CUCURBITACEAE: CUCUMBER FAMILY

  170. Marah macrocarpus Wild Cucumber CSS

    CUPRESSACEAE: CYPRESS FAMILY

  171. Actinostrobus pyramidalis Swamp Cypress (Australia) M-90
  172. Callitris columellaris Cypress Pine (Australia)
  173. C. preissii (C. robusta) Cypress Pine (Australia) M-92, M-104
  174. Calocedrus decurrens Incense Cedar (California) PG
  175. Chamaecyparis pisifera Sawara False Cypress (Japan) M-163 SG
  176. Cupressus cashmeriana Weeping Cypress (Tibet) M-137 PG
  177. C. forbesii Tecate Cypress (San Diego Co.] Several specimens near Patron's Pavilion PG
  178. C. glabra cv. 'Blue Ice' (C. arizonia ssp. glabra) Smooth Bark Arizona Cypress (Arizona) PG
  179. C. goveniana? Gowen Cypress (Monterey Co., CA) Possibly near Patron's Pavilion (Need comes) PG
  180. C. lusitanica Mexican Cypress (Mexico) M-102 [May Be Deceased]
  181. C. macrocarpa Monterey Cypress (Central Calif.) PG
  182. C. montana? San Pedro Martir Cypress (Baja California) Possibly near Patron's Pavilion PG
  183. Juniperus scopulorum Rocky Mountain Juniper (N. America) M-164 SG
  184. J. scopulorum 'Tolleson's Weeping' Tolleson's Blue Weeping Juniper (N. American cultivar)
  185. Thuja occidentalis Arborvitae (E. U.S.) M-103
  186. T. (Platycladus) orientalis Oriental Arborvitae (China)

    CUSCUTACEAE: DODDER FAMILY

  187. Cuscuta californica California Dodder

    CYCADACEAE: CYCAD (CYCAS) FAMILY

  188. Cycas revoluta Sago Palm (S. Japan) PG
  189. Cycas thouarsii (E. Africa & Madagascar) PG

    CYATHEACEAE: TREE FERN FAMILY

  190. Cyathea (Sphaeropteris) cooperi Australian Tree Fern (Australia) PG
  191. Dicksonia antarctica Tasmanian Tree Fern (Tasmania) PG

    D
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    DENNSTAEDTIACEAE: BRACKEN FAMILY

  192. Microlepia strigosa Lace Fern (Polynesia, Hawaii) PG

    DRACAENACEAE: DRACAENA FAMILY Incl. SANSEVIERIACEAE [Now Placed In The Ruscaceae.]

  193. Cordyline australis Giant Dracaena (New Zealand) SG
  194. C. australis var. "red star"
  195. C. indivisa Blue Dracaena (New Zealand)
  196. C. stricta = Dracaena strica (E. Australia)
  197. Dracaena draco Dragon Tree (Canary Islands) M-45 SG
  198. D. marginata Madagascar Dragon Tree (Madagascar)

    DRYOPTERIDACEAE: SWORD FERN FAMILY

  199. Athyrium nipponicum Japanese Painted Fern (Japan) PG
  200. Cyrtomium falcatum 'Rochfordianum' Holly Fern (Japan) PG
  201. Nephrolepis cordifolia Tuberous Sword Fern (Australia) PG
  202. N. exaltata Boston Fern (Florida & West Indies) PG
  203. Polystichum polyblepharum Japanese Tassel Fern (Japan) PG

    E
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    ELAEOCARPACEAE: ELAEOCARPUS FAMILY

  204. Elaeocarpus decipiens? Japanese Blueberry Tree (Japan)

    EQUISETACEAE: EQUISETUM FAMILY

  205. Equisetum hyemale Common Scouring Rush (North America) PG
  206. E. scirpoides Dwarf Scouring Rush (North America) PG

    ERICACEAE: HEATH FAMILY

  207. Arbutus glandulosa cv. 'marina' White Madrone (Central Mexico) M-217 H/S
  208. A. unedo Strawberry Tree (Northern Europe) M-25 H/S
  209. Erica baurii Heather PG
  210. E. canaliculata Christmas Heather (S. Africa) Heather PG
  211. E. x darleyensis Heather PG
  212. E. verticillata Heather S. Africa PG
  213. Xylococcus bicolor Mission Manzanita CSS

    EUPHORBIACEAE: EUPHORBIA FAMILY

  214. Aleurites fordii Tung Oil Tree (China) M-91 H/S
  215. Bischofia javanica (B. trifoliata) Toog (Asia) M-112, M-144 H/S
  216. Chamaesyce polycarpa var. polycarpa Sand Mat (native perennial) CSS
  217. Euphorbia lathyris Gopher Plant (Europe)
  218. E. peplus Petty Spurge (Europe)
  219. Homalanthus populifolius Queensland Poplar (Australia) M-125 H/S
  220. Ricinus communis Castor Bean (Trop. Africa)

    F
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    FABACEAE: PEA FAMILY See Australian Garden: AG On Map

    Acacia Now Subdivided Into 6 Genera Using Chloroplast DNA   

  221. Acacia aneura Mulga (Australia) M-141 AG
  222. A. auriculiformis Ear-Leaf or Ear-Pod Wattle (N. Australia)
  223. A. baileyana Bailey Acacia (S.E. Australia) AG
  224. A. cultriformis Knife-Leaf Acacia (E. Australia) AG
  225. A. decurrens Silver Wattle (E. Australia) AG
  226. A. farnesiana Sweet Acacia (S. U.S., Mexico & Trop. America) PAL
  227. A. latifolia (N.E. Australia) AG
  228. A. melanoxylon Blackwood Acacia (S. Australia & Tasmania) AG
  229. A. pendula Weeping Acacia (Australia) M-135 AG
  230. A. podalyriifolia Queensland Silver Wattle (Australia) AG
  231. A. saligna Willow Acacia (W. Australia) AG
  232. A. subporosa River Wattle (Australia) AG
  233. A. xanthophloea Fever Tree (South Africa) AG
  234. Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Shingle Tree (India & Burma)
  235. Albizia distachya Plume Albizia (Australia)
  236. Bauhinia forficata White Orchid Tree (Brazil) M-110 PAL
  237. B. galpinii (B. punctata) Red Bauhinia (S. Africa) M-114 PAL
  238. B. purpurea Orchid Tree (India & China)
  239. B. variegata 'candida' White Orchid Tree (India & China) M-122, M-156
  240. Caesalpinia gilliesii Bird-of-Paradise Bush (Argentina, Uruguay) PAL
  241. C. mexicana (Mexico) PAL
  242. C. pulcherrima Pride-of-Barbados (West Indies) P. gilliesii naturalized in San Diego Co. PAL
  243. C. spinosa Tara Tree (W. South America) M-190 NA
  244. Calliandra californica Fairy Duster (Baja California--Cape region)
  245. C. calothyrsus (C. confusa) Calliandra (Central & South America)
  246. C. haematocephala (C. inaequilatera) Pink Powder Puff (Bolivia) M-162
  247. C. surinamensis Powder Puff (Brazil) M-152
  248. C. tweedii Brazilian Flame Bush (Brazil) M-151
  249. Cassia artemisioides Wormwood Cassia (E. Australia) PAL
  250. C. australis Cassia (Australia) PAL
  251. C. bicapsularis Cassia (Tropical America) PAL
  252. C. corymbosa Flowering Senna (Argentina & Uruguay) M-77
  253. C. didymobotrya (C. nairobensis) Tropical Africa PAL
  254. C. leptophylla Gold Medallion Tree (Brazil) M-52 PAL
  255. C. nemophila (syn. C. eremophila) Desert Cassia (Australia) PAL
  256. C. phyllodinea--syn. C. artemisioides ssp. petiolaris (Australia) PAL
  257. C. splendida Golden Wonder Senna (Brazil) Flowers larger than other shrubby species. PAL
  258. C. surattensis (S.E. Asia, Australia) PAL
  259. C. tomentosa (S. Mexico & Guatemala) PAL
  260. Castanospermum australe Moreton Bay Chestnut (Australia) M-68
  261. Cercidium microphyllum? Palo Verde (Calif. & Arizona) M-198
  262. Cercis canadensis Eastern Redbud (E. U.S.) M-107, M-108
  263. C. occidentalis Western Redbud (Calif.) M-197
  264. C. reniformis Oklahoma Redbud M-86
  265. Crotalaria agatiflora Canary-Bird Bush (Kenya, Uganda & Rhodesia)
  266. Dalbergia sissoo Sissoo (India: An important timber tree) PAL
  267. Erythrina caffra Kafferboom (S. Africa) M-33
  268. E. coralloides Naked Coral Tree (Mexico) M-174 PAL
  269. E. crista-galii Cockspur Coral Tree (S. America) M-173 PAL
  270. E. humeana Coral Tree (S. Africa) PAL
  271. E. speciosa Coral Tree (S. Brazil)
  272. E. x sykesii Australian Coral Tree (Australia) PAL
  273. Enterolobium cyclocarpum Guanacaste (Guanacaste Province, Costa Rica) M-210 PG
  274. Gleditsia triacanthos Honey Locust (Midwest & E. U.S.)
  275. Gymnocladus dioica Kentucky Coffee Tree (E. U.S.) M-154
  276. Inga edulis Ice Cream Bean (Central & S. America) Top of Hill See Ice Cream Bean PAL
  277. Laburnum anagyroides Golden-Chain Tree (C. & S. Europe) M-149
  278. Leucaena leucocephala Wild Tamarind (Mexico & C. America). Pantropical weed. AG
  279. Lonchocarpus capassa Lancepod (South Africa) PG
  280. Lotus scoparius var. scoparius = Acmispon glaber var. glaber Deerweed
  281. Mimosa (Calliandra?) pudica? Woody Sensitive Plant (Trop. America)
  282. Parkinsonia aculeata Mexican Palo Verde (Mexico & Tropical America)
  283. Prosopis alba (cf. P. nigra) Argentine Mesquite (Argentina) M-64
  284. P. chilensis Chilean Mesquite (Chile) M-62, M-171
  285. Psoralea pinnata Scurfy Pea Shrub (S. Africa) PAL
  286. Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust (E. U.S.) M-61
  287. Scizolobium parahybum (American Tropics: S. Mexico to S. Brazil) Top of Hill PAL
  288. Schotia brachypetala Tree Fuchsia (South Africa) PAL
  289. Sesbania punicea (Daubentonia tripetii) Scarlet Wisteria Tree (South America) BAM
  290. Sophora japonica Pagoda Tree (China) PAL
  291. Spartium junceum Spanish Broom (Medit.)
  292. Tephrosia grandiflora Hoary Pea (South Africa)
  293. Tipuana tipu Tipu Tree (S. America) M-130 BAM
  294. Wisteria floribunda Wisteria (Japan)

    FAGACEAE: BEECH FAMILY See Riparian Garden: RIP On Map

    Native Oaks in Ca Native Plant Garden near NS Bldg: Engelmann oak (Quercus engelmannii), blue oak (Q. douglasii), valley oak (Q. lobata) and possibly black oak (Q. kelloggii). Leaves of latter oak more deeply lobed than typical black oak.

  295. Castanopsis cuspidata Japanese Chinquapin (Japan) PG
  296. Quercus agrifolia var. oxyadenia Coast Live Oak (S. Calif.) M-216 RIP
  297. Q. douglasii Blue Oak (California Foothill Woodland) M-211
  298. Q. acutidens (not Q. dumosa) Scrub Oak Oaks of San Diego County RIP
  299. Q. engelmannii Engelmann Oak (S. Calif.) M-49 RIP
  300. Q. ilex Holly Oak M-48 RIP
  301. Q. lobata Valley Oak (California) M-166
  302. Q. macrocarpa Bur Oak (E. U.S.) M-50 RIP
  303. Q. myrsinifolia Japanese Live Oak (E. Asia) M-145
  304. Q. palustris Pin Oak (Central & Eastern United States) M-215 RIP
  305. Q. phellos Willow Oak (E. U.S.) M-142
  306. Q. shumardii Shumard Red Oak (S.E. U.S.) M-148
  307. Q. virginiana Southern Live Oak (S.E. U.S.) M-47, M-147

    FLACOURTIACEAE: FLACOURTIA FAMILY

  308. Olmediella betscleriana Guatemalan Holly (Central America) M-23, 124 H/S

    G
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    GENTIANACEAE: GENTIAN FAMILY

  309. Centaurium venustum Canchalagua

    GERANIACEAE: GERANIUM FAMILY

  310. Erodium cicutarium Filaree
  311. Erodium moschatum Filaree
  312. Geranium carolinianum Wild Geranium CSS

    GINKGOACEAE: GINKGO FAMILY

  313. Ginkgo biloba Maidenhair Tree (China) PG

    GROSSULARIACEAE: GOOSEBERRY FAMILY

  314. Ribes indecorum White Flowered Currant

    H
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    HAMAMELIDACEAE: WITCH-HAZEL FAMILY

  315. Liquidambar styraciflua Liquidambar Tree (E. U.S.)

    HYDROPHYLLACEAE: WATERLEAF FAMILY

      
    Note: Based on chloroplast DNA cladograms, this family included in the Boraginaceae in Jepson Manual II (2011).

  316. Eriodictyon crassifolium Yerba Santa
  317. Wigandia caracasana Mala Mujer (Mexico) M-60

    I
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    No Families Starting With I On This List

    J
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    JUNCACEAE: RUSH FAMILY

  318. Juncus bufonius var. bufonius Toad Rush

    K
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    No Families Starting With K On This List

    L
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    LAMIACEAE: MINT FAMILY

  319. Lavandula angustifolia x Hybrid? Lavender (Mediterranean)
  320. Marrubium vulgare Horehound (Europe)
  321. Prostanthera 'poorinda ballerina' Mintbush (Cultivar of Australian genus) AG
  322. Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary (Mediterranean)
  323. Salvia apiana White Sage CSS
  324. Salvia mellifera Black Sage CSS
  325. Westringia 'wynyabbie' hybrid: W. eremicola x W. fruticosa (Australia)

    LAURACEAE: LAUREL FAMILY

  326. Cinnamonum camphora Camphor Tree (China & Taiwan) M-28
  327. C. zeylanicum Cinnamon Tree (Tropical Asia)
  328. Laurus nobilis European Bay Tree (Europe) M-72

    LILIACEAE: LILY FAMILY (Aloe now placed in the Asphodelaceae)

  329. Agave: See Agavaceae
  330. Asparagus asparagoides Smilax Asparagus
  331. A. officinalis Garden Asparagus
  332. Aloe arborescens Tree Aloe (South Africa)
  333. A. barbadensis Aloe Vera (South Africa) A/Y
  334. A. dichotoma Quiver Tree (S. Africa)
  335. A. marlothii (South Africa) A/Y
  336. A. saponaria Soap Aloe (South Africa)
  337. A. striata Coral Aloe (S. Africa)
  338. Asphodelus fistulosus Asphodel
  339. Beaucarnea: See Nolinaceae
  340. Calibanus: See Nolinaceae
  341. Calochortus weedii var. weedii Golden Mariposa Lily
  342. Chlorogalum parviflorum Soap Lily
  343. C. pomeridianum var. pomeridianum Soap Lily
  344. Cordyline: See Dracaenaceae
  345. Crinum asiaticum Spider Lily (Trop. Asia) M-128
  346. Dianella tasmanica Flax Lily (Tasmania) M-129
  347. Xanthorrhoea: See Xanthorrhoeaceae

    LOGANIACEAE: LOGANIA FAMILY

  348. Buddleia davidii Butterfly Bush (China)

    LYTHRACEAE: LOOSESTRIFE FAMILY

  349. Lagerstroemia indica Crape Myrtle (China) M-121, M-170


    M
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    MAGNOLIACEAE: MAGNOLIA FAMILY

  350. Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia (S.E. U.S.) M-37 PG
  351. Michelia champaca Fragrant Champaca (Himalayas--source of champaca oil used in perfume) PG

    MALVACEAE: MALLOW FAMILY (Now includes Bombacaeae, Sterculiaceae & Tiliaceae)

  352. Abutilon megapotamicum Trailing Arbutilon (Brazil)
  353. A. pictum Redvein Arbutilon (Brazil)
  354. A. tridens (Central America)
  355. Gossypium barbadense Sea Island Cotton (S. America)? M-169
  356. Hibiscus mutabilis Cotton Rose (China) AG
  357. H. syriacus Rose of Althea (Asia) Nat. Flower of South Korea
  358. H. taiwanensis (Taiwan)
  359. Lagunaria patersonii Cow Itch Tree (Norfolk Island & Australia)
  360. Malacothamnus fasciculatus ssp. fasciculatus Bush Mallow
  361. Malva parviflora Cheeseweed
  362. Malvaviscus arboreus Turk's Cap (Southern U.S. to S. America)
  363. Phymosia umbellata (Mexico) Near James Hubble Structure (resembles Lavatera)

    MARANTACEAE: ARROWROOT FAMILY

  364. Ctenanthe lubbersiana (Brazil)

    MELASTOMATACEAE: MELASTOMA FAMILY

  365. Tibouchina urvilleana Princess Flower (Brazil) M-126

    MENISPERMACEAE: MOONSEED FAMILY

  366. Cocculus laurifolius Moonseed (Himalayas) M-115 PAL

    MORACEAE: MULBERRY FAMILY See Australian Garden: AG On Map

  367. Broussonetia papyrifera Paper Mulberry (China) M-20 PAL
  368. Ficus altissima Council Tree (Malay Archipelago & Philippines) Greenhouse.
  369. F. auriculata (F. roxburghii) Roxburgh Fig (Himalayas) M-85 BAM
  370. F. barteri Banana Fig (Uganda & N. Zambia; lvs similar to nearby F. macrophylla) AG
  371. F. bengalensis 'variegata' Indian Banyan (India, Pakistan; top of hill near red gum) AG
  372. F. benjamina Benjamin Fig (India & Malaysia) M-26
  373. F. binnendijkii 'alii' Narrowleaf Fig (Java, Philippines; Narrow, drooping leaves.)
  374. F. coronata Sandpaper Fig (Queensland, Aust; near silver $ gum) AG
  375. F. dammaropsis Syn. Dammaropsis kingiana (New Guinea) BAM
  376. F. elastica India Rubber Tree (Nepal to Assam & Burma)
  377. F. ingens Red-Leaved Fig (South Africa) Near F. petiolaris?
  378. F. macrophylla Moreton Bay Fig (Australia) M-34 AG
  379. F. mysorensis Mysore Fig (Southern India) M-87, M-167, M-199 AG
  380. F. natalensis Natal Fig (Tropical Africa; near Castanopsis)
  381. F. lutea (F. nekbudu) Zulu Fig (Tropical Africa) Above F. sycomorus AG
  382. F. palmeri Palmer Fig (Endemic to Baja California) AG
  383. F. petiolaris (Mexico); Closely related to F. palmeri. AG
  384. F. pumila Creeping Fig (E. Asia: Japan to N. Vietnam) = F. pumila x carica hybrid RIP
  385. F. religiosa Bo Tree (India, S.E. Asia) AG
  386. F rubiginosa Rustyleaf Fig (Australia) Near F. palmeri? AG
  387. F. superba (incl. ssp. henneana) Sea Fig (Coastal Queensland to Northern Territory) Near Tara? AG
  388. F. sycomorus Sycamore Fig AG
  389. F. virens Spotted Fig (New South Wales, Aust) Top of hill near Angophora M-139 (near Tara?) AG

    MYRTACEAE: MYRTLE FAMILY See Australian Garden: AG On Map

  390. Agonis flexuosa Peppermint Tree (Australia) M-27, M-51
  391. Angophora costata Gum Myrtle (Australia) M-214
  392. A. melanoxylon Gum Myrtle (Australia) M-139 Top of Hill
  393. A. subvelutina Gum Myrtle (Australia) M-55
  394. Callistemon citrinus 'Jeffersii' Lemon Bottlebrush (Australia) M-24
  395. C. pinifolius Pine-leaf Bottlebrush (Australia) AG
  396. C. viminalis Weeping Bottlebrush (Australia) M-56
  397. Calothamnus quadrifidus (cf. C. validus) One-Sided Bottlebrush (SW Australia) AG
  398. Darwinia citriodora Scent Myrtle (S.W. Australia) Genus commemorates Erasmus Darwin. AG
  399. Eucalyptus botryoides (N. South Wales) Fibrous, persist. bark; upper rd near E. cinerea AG
  400. E. caesia (Australia) M-143, M-168 AG
  401. E. camaldulensis Red Gum (Australia) Top of Arboretum Hill, reproduces by seedlings AG
  402. E. cinerea Silver Dollar Tree (New S. Wales) Juvenile lvs; axillary 3-fruit; upper road M-204 AG
  403. E. citriodora Lemon-Scented Gum (Australia) Just below top of hill; produces seedlings AG
  404. E. deglupta Mindanao Gum (Mindanao, Philippines) AG
  405. E. erythrocorys Red-Cap Gum (Australia) Just below top of hill AG
  406. E. gunnii Cider Gum (Australia) M-202 AG
  407. E. kruseana Kruse's Mallee (W. Australia) M-201 AG
  408. E. lehmannii Bushy Yate (Australia) M-123 AG
  409. E. leucoxylon 'rosea' White Ironbark (Australia) AG
  410. E. nicholii Nichol's Willowleaf Gum (Australia) AG
  411. E. perriniana Roundleaf Snow Gum (New S. Wales & Tasmania) M-203 AG
  412. E. polyanthemos Silver Dollar Gum (Australia) AG
  413. E. pulverulenta Silver Mtn Gum (New South Wales) Shrub w/ juvenile lvs; along upper road. AG
  414. E. sideroxylon Red Ironbark (Australia) AG
  415. E. spathulata Swamp Mallee (Australia) M-196 Top of Hill AG
  416. Eugenia (Syzygium) jambos Malobar Plum (S.E. Asia) AG
  417. E. (Syzygium) uniflora Surinam Cherry (S. America) AG
  418. Feijoa sellowiana Pineapple Guava (South America)
  419. Kunzea sericea Kunzea (W. Australia) M-131 AG
  420. Melaleuca alternifolia Bottle Brush (New South Wales) AG
  421. M. elliptica Bottle Brush (Australia) M-54 AG
  422. M. ericifolia Swamp Paperbark (Australia) M-53
  423. M. incana Melaleuca (W. Australia) AG
  424. M. linariifolia Melaleuca (S. Australia) AG
  425. M. nematophylla (Australia) AG
  426. M. styphelioides Prickly Paperbark (Australia) AG
  427. Psidium guajava Guava (Tropical America) M-111
  428. Syncarpia hillii Satinay (An Australian Timber Tree) AG
  429. Tristaniopsis laurina Water Gum (S.E. Australia) AG

    N
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    NOLINACEAE: NOLINA FAMILY [Now Placed in the Ruscaceae.]

  430. Beaucarnia recurvata Elephant-Foot Tree (Mexico)
  431. B. stricta Ponytail (Mexico) M-180
  432. Calibanus hookeri (Mexico)
  433. Dasylirion leiophyllum? Bear Grass (S.W. U.S. & Mexico)M-116
  434. D. longissima Mexican Grass Tree (Mexico)

    NYCTAGINACEAE: FOUR O'CLOCK FAMILY

  435. Mirabilis californica Wild Four O'Clock

    O
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    OLEACEAE: OLIVE FAMILY

  436. Chionanthus retusus Chinese Fringe Tree (China) M-106
  437. Fraxinus uhdei Evergreen Ash
  438. F. velutina Arizona Ash
  439. Jasminum mesnyi Primrose Jasmine (S.W. China)

    ONAGRACEAE: EVENING PRIMROSE FAMILY

  440. Epilobium brachycarpum (E. paniculatum) Summer Cottonweed
  441. Gaura sinuata Gaura

    OXALIDACEAE: OXALIS FAMILY

  442. Oxalis californica Oxalis CSS
  443. Oxalis pes-caprae Bermuda Buttercup

    P
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    PAEONIACEAE: PAEONY FAMILY

  444. Paeonia californica Calififornia Paeony CSS

    PANDANACEAE: PANDANUS FAMILY

  445. Pandanus utilis Screw Pine (Madagascar & Mascarene Islands)

    PAPAVERACEAE: POPPY FAMILY

  446. Eschscholzia californica California Poppy
  447. Romneya coulteri Matilija Poppy (S. California)

    PHYTOLACCACEAE: PHYTOLACCA FAMILY

  448. Phytolacca dioica Ombu Tree (Argentina) M-11 PAL
  449. P. dioica x weberbaueri (hybrid) M-16, M-41 SG, BAM
  450. P. weberbaueri (Peru) M-1 PAL

    PINACEAE: PINE FAMILY

  451. Cedrus atlantica 'glauca' Atlas Blue Cedar (N. Africa) M-89 PG
  452. C. deodara Deodar Cedar (Himalayas) M-209
  453. Picea glauca 'densata' White Spruce (N. U.S. & Canada)
  454. P. glauca 'conica' (N. U.S. & Canada)
  455. P. pungens Colorado Blue Spruce (Rocky Mts.)
  456. Pinus canariensis Canary Island Pine (Canary Islands) M-58
  457. P. chiapensis (P. strobus var. chiapensis) Pino Blanco (Oaxaca & Chisapas, Mex.)
  458. P. densiflora Japanese Red Pine (Japan)
  459. P. halepensis Aleppo Pine (Mediterranean)
  460. P. massoniana (China) M-194
  461. P. montezumae Montezuma Pine (Mexico)
  462. P. oocarpa (Mexico) M-193
  463. P. patula Mexican Yellow Pine (Mexico)
  464. P. palustris Longleaf Pine (S.E. United States)
  465. P. pinceana Pince Pinyon (Mexico)
  466. P. pinea Italian Stone Pine (Mediterranean) M-191 Pinetum
  467. P. pithyusa (Europe) M-200
  468. P. pseudostrobus Mexico
  469. P. radiata Monterey Pine
  470. P. roxburghii Indian Longleaf Pine (Himalayas) M-195
  471. P. strobiformis Mexican White Pine (N. Mexico) [Note: P. reflexa in S. Arizona is
    apparently a natural hybrid between P. strobiformis and limber pine, P. flexilis.]
  472. P. taeda Loblolly Pine (E. U.S.) M-192 NA
  473. P. torreyana Torrey Pine (California) M-138, M-208

    PITTOSPORACEAE: PITTOSPORUM FAMILY

  474. Hymenosporum flavum Sweetshade (Australia) M-67
  475. Pittosporum daphniphylloides Pittosporum (Taiwan) M-74
  476. P. phillyraeoides Willow Pittosporum (Australia) M-165 PG
  477. P. rhombifolium Queensland Pittosporum (Australia) M-71

    PLANTAGINACEAE: PLANTAIN FAMILY (See Scrophulariaceae)

  478. Plantago erecta ssp. erecta Plantain

    PLATANACEAE: SYCAMORE FAMILY

  479. Platanus acerifolia London Plane Tree (Europe) M-63
  480. P. racemosa California Sycamore (California) RIP

    POACEAE: GRASS FAMILY See Bamboo Garden: Bam On Map

  481. Achnatherum (Stipa) coronatum Giant Stipa (California) CSS
  482. Arundo donax Giant Reed M-17 RIP
  483. Avena barbata Slender Wild Oat
  484. Bambusa beecheyana Beechey Bamboo (S.E. China) M-178 Near Pergola BAM
  485. B. dolichoclada cv 'stripe' Striped Blowpipe Bamboo (Taiwan) BAM
  486. B. lako Timor Black Bamboo (Timor) Near Large Phytolacca
  487. B. malingensis Seabreeze Bamboo (China) BAM
  488. B. membranaceus (S.E. Asia) BAM
  489. B. multiplex 'Alponse Carr' & 'Silver Stripe' Hedge Bamboo (S.E. China)
  490. B. oldhamii Giant Timber Bamboo (China & Taiwan) M-188 BAM
  491. B. tulda cv. 'striata' Black-Stemmed Bamboo (India)
  492. B. ventricosa Buddha's Belly Bamboo (S. China) BAM
  493. B. vulgaris cv 'vittata' Striped or "Barcode" Bamboo (Cultivar)
  494. B. vulgaris cv 'wamin' Calcutta Cane or Wamin Bamboo (Cultivar)
  495. Bromus diandrus Ripgut Brome
  496. B. rubens Foxtail Chess or Red Brome
  497. Chusquea pittieri Mountain Bamboo (Central America) BAM
  498. Cynodon dactlylon Bermuda Grass
  499. Dendrocalamus asper Giant Bamboo (S.E. Asia) M-82 Near N. Entrance BAM
  500. Digitaria sanguinalis Crab Grass
  501. Gigantochloa atroviolacea Java Black Bamboo (Java, Timor) BAM
  502. Melica impefecta Melic Grass
  503. Muhlenbergia microsperma Littleseed Muhly
  504. Otatea acuminata ssp. aztecorum Mexican Weeping Bamboo (Mexico) Near N. Entrance
  505. O. glauca Mayan Silver Bamboo (Mexico)
  506. Pennisetum setaceum Fountain Grass
  507. Phyllostachys aurea Golden Bamboo (China) M-177 BAM
  508. P. aureosulcata Yellow-Groove Bamboo (China) M-185 BAM
  509. P. flexuosa Bamboo (China) M-172
  510. P. nigra Black Bamboo (China) M-184 BAM
  511. P. nigra 'henon' Black Bamboo (China) M-176
  512. Pseudosasa japonica Arrow Bamboo (Japan) M-182 BAM
  513. Rhynchelytrum roseum Natal Grass
  514. Setaria palmifolia (S. palmata) Palm Grass (India)
  515. Semiarundinaria fastuosa Narihira Bamboo (Japan) M-175
  516. Thysanolaena maxima Tiger Grass (Asia)  See Image BAM

    PODOCARPACEAE: PODOCARPUS FAMILY

  517. Phyllocladus trichomanoides Tanekaha (New Zealand) PG
  518. Podocarpus dawei = P. usambarensis var. dawei (Tropical East Africa)
  519. P. elongatus African Yellow-Wood (Africa)
  520. P. gracilior African Fern Pine (Africa)
  521. P. henkelii Long-Leaved Yellow-Wood (Africa)
  522. P. latifolius Blue Podocarpus (S. Africa)
  523. P. macrophyllus Japanese Yew (Japan)
  524. P. macrophyllus cv. 'maki' Shrubby Yew (China)

    POLEMONIACEAE: PHLOX FAMILY

  525. Navarretia hamata Navarretia CSS

    POLYGONACEAE: BUCKWHEAT FAMILY

  526. Eriogonum fasciculatum ssp. foliolosum Wild Buckwheat CSS
  527. Homalocladium platycladum Centepede Plant or Ribbon Bush (Solomon Islands) PG

    POLYPODIACEAE: POLYPODY FAMILY

  528. Polypodium vulgare Polypody Fern (Europe & N. America) PG
  529. P. californicum California Polypody (California) CSS

    PORTULACACEAE: PORTULACA FAMILY

  530. Calandrinia ciliata var. menziesii Red Maids
  531. Claytonia perfoliata ssp. perfoliata Miner's Lettuce
  532. Portulaca oleracea Common Purslane
  533. Portulacaria afra Elephant Plant (South Africa)

    PRIMULACEAE: PRIMROSE FAMILY

  534. Anagallis arvensis Pimpernel

    PROTEACEAE: PROTEA FAMILY See Australian Garden: AG On Map

  535. Banksia integrifolia Banksia (New South Wales) PG
  536. B. media Banksia (Australia) PG
  537. Grevillea hilliana (Australia & New S. Wales) M-132 BAM
  538. G. robusta Silk Oak (Australia) AG
  539. G. thelemanniana Hummingbird Bush (Australia) M-187 PAL
  540. Hakea sp. [Fire-adapted Australian shrubs with serotinous seed capsules.]
  541. Isopogon anemonifolius Cone Flower (New S. Wales) AG
  542. I. formosus Rose Cone Flower (Australia)
  543. Leucospermum reflexum (var. luteum) South Africa [Planted on main campus.]
  544. Macadamia integrifolia Queensland Nut (Australia) M-32 AG
  545. Stenocarpus sinuatus Firewheel Tree (Australia) M-134

    PTERIDACEAE: BRACKEN FERN FAMILY

  546. Pellaea mucronata Bird's Foot Fern (California) CSS
  547. P. rotundifolia Button Fern (New Zealand) PG
  548. Pentagramma triangularis var. viscosa Silverback Fern (California) CSS

    Q
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    No Families Starting With Q On This List

    R
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    RANUNCULACEAE: BUTTERCUP FAMILY

  549. Delphinium cardinale Scarlet Larkspur CSS

    RECEDACEAE: MIGNONETTE FAMILY

  550. Reseda odorata Common Mignonette

    RESTIONACEAE: RESTIO FAMILY

  551. Elegia capensis Broom Reed (South Africa) BAM
  552. Restio multiflorus (S. Africa) PG
  553. R. tetraphyllus (Australia) PG
  554. Rhodocoma foliosa (South Africa) PG

    RHAMNACEAE: BUCKTHORN FAMILY

  555. Ceanothus thyrsiflorus (var. griseus) Calif. Lilac or Blue Blossom (Calif.)
  556. Rhamnus crocea Buckthorn CSS
  557. Ziziphus jujuba Common Jujube (S. Europe to China) M-81

    ROSACEAE: ROSE FAMILY

  558. Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon (California) CSS
  559. Lyonothamnus floribundus ssp. asplenifolius Santa Cruz Is. Ironwood M-31
  560. Malus floribunda Flowering Crabapple (Japan) M-65
  561. Malus species? Crabapple M-59
  562. Prunus caroliniana Carolina Cherry (S.E. U.S.) M-66
  563. P. ilicifolia Hollyleaf Cherry (California) M-158
  564. P. lyonii Catalina Cherry (Catalina Is.) M-159
  565. Raphiolepis indica Indian Hawthorne (S. China) M-109

    RUBIACEAE: MADDER FAMILY

  566. Galium aparine Bedstraw
  567. Galium nuttallii Climbing Bedstraw CSS

    RUSCACEAE: BUTCHER'S BROOM FAMILY {Now Includes Dracaenaceae and Nolinaceae,

  568. Ruscus aculeatus Butcher's Broom (Azores, W. Europe to Iran)

    RUTACEAE: RUE FAMILY

  569. Calodendron capense Cape Chestnut (South Africa) M-101
  570. Casimiroa edulis White Sapote (Mexico) M-155
  571. Cneoridium dumosum Bush Rue (California) CSS
  572. Fortunella margarita Kumquat (Tropical Asia) Hybrid with lime called limequat.
  573. Geijera parviflora Australian Willow (Australia)--Deceased as of 28 Nov. 07 M-18

    S
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    SALICACEAE: Willow FAMILY See Riparian Garden: RIP On Map

  574. Populus fremontii Fremont Cottonwood (California) RIP
  575. S. laevigata? Red Willow (California) RIP
  576. Salix lasiolepis Arroyo Willow (California) RIP

    SAPINDACEAE: SOAPBERRY FAMILY

  577. Alectryon excelsus (New Zealand)
  578. Dodonea viscosa Hopseed Bush (Ariz. to S. America)
  579. Harpullia arborea Harpullia (India & Malay Peninsula)
  580. Koelreuteria bipinnata Golden-Rain Tree (S.W. China)
  581. K. paniculata Golden-Rain Tree (China) M-153
  582. Sapindus saponaria Soapberry (Hawaii, Mexico, Central & S. America) PAL
  583. Ugnadia speciosa Texas Buckeye (Texas)

    SAXIFRAGACEAE: SAXIFRAGE FAMILY

  584. Deutzia scabra Deutzia (Japan) M-113
  585. Jepsonia parryi Coastal Jepsonia

    SCROPHULARIACEAE: SNAPDRAGON FAMILY

      
    Note: Computer generated monophyletic clades based on chloroplast DNA have resulted in drastic changes to the Scrophulariaceae. Plantago, Penstemon, Veronica, Linaria, Antirrhinum, Keckiella, & Digitalis are now placed in the Plantaginaceae. Mimulus with its thigmotrophic stigma is placed in the Phrymaceae. Traditional genera retained in the Scropulariaceae include Verbascum and Scrophularia. Other genera placed in the Scrophulariaceae include Buddleja and Myoporum. Indian paintbrush (Castilleja), Indian warrior (Pedicularis), and owl's clover (Orthocarpus) are placed in the parasitic family Orobanchaceae with the broomrapes (Orobanche). Other closely-related families representing separate clades are the Paulowniaceae, Lentibulariaceae, Acanthaceae and Bignoniaceae.

      Monophyletic Taxonomic Groupings  

  586. Mimulus puniceus Red Bush Monkeyflower (Syn. M. aurantiacus) CSS
  587. Scrophularia californica ssp. californica California Figwort CSS

    SELAGINELLACEAE: CLUB-MOSS FAMILY

  588. Selaginella bigelovii Club Moss CSS

    SOLANACEAE: NIGHTSHADE FAMILY

  589. Datura metel cv. 'cornucopaea' Horn-of-Plenty (S.W. China)
  590. D. wrightii Jimsonweed (Native to S.W. United States)
  591. Nicotiana glauca Wild Tobacco
  592. Solanum douglasii White Nightshade CSS
  593. S. parishii Purple Nightshade CSS

    STERCULIACEAE: CHOCOLATE FAMILY (Now placed in the Malvaceae)

  594. Brachychiton acerifolius Flame Tree (Australia) M-94 ART
  595. B. bidwillii Little Kurrajong (Queensland, Australia)
  596. B. discolor Pink Flame Tree (Australia) M-96 ART
  597. B. populneus Bottle Tree (Australia)
  598. B. rupestris Bottle Tree (Australia) M-95 ART
  599. B. species? Bottle Tree (Australia) M-29
  600. Firmiana simplex Chines Parasol Tree (S.E. Asia) M-99 SG
  601. Dombeya autumnalis Autumn Dombeya (S. Africa)
  602. D. cacuminum Strawberry Snowball Tree (Madagascar) M-206 ART
  603. D. x cayeuxii Pink Ball (Hybrid)
  604. D. spectabilis African Pear (S. Africa) [White flowers like those of pear.]
  605. D. wallichii Pink Ball (E. Africa & Madagascar)
  606. Fremontodendron mexicanum Flannel Bush

    STRELITZIACEAE: CRANE FLOWER FAMILY

  607. Strelitzia nicholai Giant Bird of Paradise (S. Africa) M-46 SG

    T
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    TAMARICACEAE: TAMARISK FAMILY

  608. Tamarix parviflora Tamarisk (E. Europe)

    TAXODIACEAE: TAXODIUM FAMILY  Now Placed In The Cupressaceae

  609. Cunninghamia lanceolata Chinese Fir (China) M-140
  610. Metasequoia glyptostroboides Dawn Redwood (Central China) M-83 PG
  611. Sequoia sempervirens Coast Redwood (Pacific Coast) M-73
  612. Taxodium distichum Bald Cypress (S.E. U.S.) M-70
  613. T. mucronatum Montezuma Bald Cypress (Mexico) M-35 PG

    TILIACEAE: LINDEN FAMILY (Now placed in the Malvaceae)

  614. Sparmannia africana African Hemp (S. Africa)
  615. Tilia american American Basswood (E. U.S.) M-93, M-98 ART

    U
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    ULMACEAE: ELM FAMILY

  616. Celtis australis Mediterranean Hackberry (Mediterranean) M-146 SG

    URTICACEAE: NETTLE FAMILY

  617. Urtica urens Annual Nettle

    V
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    VALERIANACEAE: VALERIAN FAMILY

  618. Centranthus ruber Red Valerian

    VERBENACEAE: VERBENA FAMILY

  619. Verbena lasiostachys Verbena
  620. Verbena menthaefolia Mint-leaf Verbena
  621. Vitex agnus-castus Chaste Tree (S. Europe)

    VISCACEAE: MISTLETOE FAMILY

  622. Phoradendron villosum Oak Mistletoe

    W
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    No Families Starting With W On This List

    X
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    XANTHORRHOEACEAE: XANTHORRHOEA FAMILY

  623. Xanthorrhoea preissii Grass Tree (Australia) M-118 BAM
  624. X. quadrangulata Grass Tree (Australia) M-117 BAM

    Y
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    No Families Starting With Y On This List

    Z
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    ZAMIACEAE: ZAMIA FAMILY

  625. Ceratozamia robusta (Bamboo Cycad (Mexico) PG
  626. Dioon edule (Mexico) PG
  627. D. spinulosum (Mexico) PG
  628. Macrozamia communis (New South Wales) S. of Patron's Pavilion AG
  629. M. miquelii (Australia) PG
  630. M. montana (New South Wales) PG
  631. Zamia furfuracea PG

    ZINGIBERACEAE: GINGER FAMILY

  632. Alpinia zerumbet Shell Ginger (E. Asia)
  633. A. zerumbet cultivar 'variegata'
  634. Hedychium sp. Ginger
  635. Heliconia sp.
  636. Renealmia exalata Zingiber (Tropical America)

    ZYGOPHYLLACEAE: CALTROP FAMILY

  637. Tribulus terrestris Puncture Vine (a noxious weed)
    SOIL LICHENS:

  1. Cladonia chlorophaea Gray-green lichen with podetia
  2. Diploschistes scruposus Grayish white lichen

    BARK LICHENS:

  3. Candelaria concolor Lemon-yellow lichen on shrubs
  4. Flavoparmelia caperata Gray foliose lichen on shrubs
  5. Flavopunctelia flaventior Greenish foliose lichen

    ROCK LICHENS

  6. Acarospora bullata Brown rock lichen
  7. Acarospora socialis (A. schleicheri) Yellow rock lichen
  8. Buellia pullata See Identification of Buellia pullata
  9. Caloplaca bolacina Orange rock lichen
  10. Dimelaena radiata Gray rock lichen
  11. Verrucaria nigrescens Pyrenocarpous black rock lichen
  12. Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia Foliose rock lichen
  13. Xanthoparmelia mexicana Foliose rock lichen

    THE UNUSUAL BIRD'S NEST FUNGUS  
    FUNGI

  14. Calvatea gigantea Giant Puffball
  15. Cyathus olla Bird's Nest Fungus
  16. Geastrum sp. Earth Star
  17. Lysurus cruciatus Lizard's Claw Stinkhorn
  18. Tulostoma brumale "group" (cf. T. berteroanum) Stalked Puffball
  Wayne's Word Lichen Links  
Wayne's Word Fungus Links
Unusual Bird's Nest Fungus

Plant Identification References

  1. Bailey, L.H. and E.Z. Bailey. 1976. Hortus Third. Macmillan Publishing Company, Inc., New York.

  2. Barwick, M. 2004. Tropical & Subtropical Trees: An Encyclopedia. Timber Press, Portland Oregon.

  3. Benson, L. 1981. Trees and Shrubs of the Southwest Deserts. University of Arizona Press, Tucson.

  4. Bianchini, F. and F. Corbetta. 1976. The Complete Book of Fruits and Vegetables. Crown Publishers, Inc., New York.

  5. Bianchini, F. and F. Corbetta. 1979. Health Plants of the World. Newsweek Books, New York.

  6. Brickell, C. and J.D. Zuk. 1996. The American Horticultural Society A-Z Encyclopedea of Garden Plants. DK Publishing, Inc., New York.

  7. Brigham, S. 2005. Ornamental Trees For Mediterranean Climates. Ibis Publishing Co., Temecula, California.

  8. Dimitri, M.J. (Director). 1976. Libro del Árbol. Vol. 1. Esencias Forestales Indígenas de la Argentina de Aplicación Ornamental. 3rd. Ed. Celulosa Argentina, Buenos Aires.

  9. Eliovson, S. 1962. Discovering Wildflowers in Southern Africa. Howard Timmins, Cape Town.

  10. Facciola, S. 1990. Cornucopia: A Source Book of Edible Plants. Kampong Publications, Vista, California.

  11. Fong, C.H. and Y. Hoi-Sen. 1980. Malaysian Fruits in Color. Tropical Press SDH. BHD. 56-1&2 Jalan Maarof, 59100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysaia.

  12. Gault, S. Millar, and G. Kalmbacher. 1976. The Color Dictionary of Shrubs. Crown Publishers, Inc., New York.

  13. Gentry, H.S. 1982. Agaves of Continental North America. The University of Arizona Press, Tuscon, Arizona.

  14. Graf, A.B. 1976. Exotica 3: Pictorial Cyclopedia of Exotic Plants From Tropical and Near-Tropic Regions. Roehrs Company Inc., E. Rutherford, N.J.

  15. Graf, A.B. 1978. Tropica: Color Cylclopedia of Exotic Plants and Trees From the Tropics and Subtropics. Roehrs Company, E. Rutherford, N.J.

  16. Hay, R. and P.M. Synge. 1969. The Color Dictionary of Flowers and Plants for Home and Garden. Crown Publishers, Inc., New York.

  17. Hickman, J.C. (Editor) 1996. The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California. University of California Press, Berkeley.

  18. Hogan, Sean (Chief Consultant). 2003. Flora: A Gardener's Encyclopedia. Volumes 1 and 2. Timber Press, Portand, Oregon.

  19. Jones, D. 1993. Cycads of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.

  20. Judd, W.S., Campbell, C.S., Kellogg, E.A., Stevens, P.F., and M.J. Donaghue. 2008. Plant Systematics: A Phylogenetic Approach (Third Edition). Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, Massachusetts.

  21. Kelly, Stan. 1969. Eucalypts. Volumes 1 & 2. Thomas Nelson Australia Limited, Melbourne, Australia.

  22. Leonardis, R.F.J. (Director). 1976. Libro del Árbol. Vol. 2. Esencias Forestales Indígenas de la Argentina de Aplicación Industrial. 2nd. Ed. Celulosa Argentina, Buenos Aires.

  23. Leonardis, R.F.J. (Coordinator) 1977. Libro del Árbol. Vol. 3. Esencias Forestales no Autóctonas Cultivadas en la Argentina de Aplicación Ornamental y/o Industrial. 1st. Ed. Celulosa Argentina, Buenos Aires.

  24. Letty, C. 1962. Wild Flowers of the Transvaal. Division of Botany, Dept. of Agriculture, Pretoria, South Africa.

  25. Lewis, W.H. and M.P.F. Elvin-Lewis. 1977. Medical Botany: Plants Affecting Man's Health. John Wiley & Sons, New York.

  26. Llamas, K.A. 2003. Tropical Flowering Plants: A Guide To Identification and Cultivation. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

  27. Meerow, A.W. 2004. Betrock's Guide To Landscape Palms. Betrock Information Systems, Hollywood, Florida.

  28. Palmer, E. and N. Pitman. 1961. Trees of South Africa. A.A. Balkema, Cape Town.

  29. Read, B.E. and W. Wagner. 1940. Shanghai Vegetables. The China Journal Publishing Co., Ltd.

  30. Recht, C. and M.F. Wetterwald. 1992. Bamboos. Timber Press, Portland, Oregon.

  31. Ritter, M. 2011. A Californian's Guide to the Trees Among Us. Heyday, Berkeley, California.

  32. Smith, N., Mori, S.A., Henderson, A., Stevenson, D.W., and S.V. Heald. 2004. Flowering Plants of the Neotropics. Princeton University Press.

  33. Sunset Book Editors. 1995. Sunset Western Garden Book. Sunset Publishing Corp., Menlo Park, California.

  34. Tame, T. 1992. Acacias of Southeast Australia. Kangaroo Press, Kenthurst, Australia.

  35. Van Aken, N. and J. Harrisson. 1995. The Great Exotic Fruit Book. Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, California.

  36. Walters, D.R. and D.J. Keil. 1975. Vascular Plant Taxonomy (4th Edition). Kendall/Hunt Publishing Co., Dubuque, Iowa.

  37. Working List Of All Known Plant Species. 2011. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew & Missouri Botanical Garden.
    Publishished on the Internet: www.theplantlist.org/

This list available on-line at: http://waynesword.palomar.edu/pcarbor1.htm